A more recent edition to Lightroom and Adobe Camera RAW are the AI masks. There is something more important than you realize missing from Lightroom, that was the ability to use curves on the masks. I saw was, because that feature has now been added. It was already in Camera Raw. It doesn’t matter if you use Lightroom or Camera RAW, this tutorial will apply. In fact it applies to all curves in Lightroom and Photoshop. I do have a more detailed tutorial here for Photoshop though.
Curves in Masks in Lightroom
Let’s start with this photo I shot in Kauai, Hawaii.
Choose the Develop module and create a mask
Make adjustments with exposure and Highlights to recover details in the sky.
The 5 sliders in Lightroom and Camera Raw cover 5 regions: Black, Shadows, Exposure (Midtones), Highlights and Whites.
You can also observe these regions on the histogram and actually adjust them by dragging on the histogram.
If you want more control over any of the regions, use the curves.
If you click the picker, you can drag up or down on your image to brighten and darken specific tones. (you need to add 2 points to get an effective curve) Lets see how they work..
Let’s create a new mask for everything but the sky.
Choose Create Mask and select sky.
Click on the 3 dot menu and choose Invert, this will swap the mask. (you could also have chosen Duplicate and Invert Mask from the previous mask for the same result.)
In curves the darks are to the left, the highlights to the right. Drag up to brighten, down to darken.
Drag up in the shadow area to open up the brightness of the image.
Notice the grass is too bright.
Drag down on the tones where the grass is. This will remove the brightening effect from the mids and highlights, effectively just brightening the shadow areas. (The video at the top shows this well).
Ok, this is really the juice of the tutorial. Using curves in Color mode is so powerful!
If you want to apply a different color to the highlights and the shadows, you would typically use Color Grading. Color Grading isn’t available in Masks. Curves can do what color grading can do, and more in the right hands.
In the curves, you will see 3 colored dots.
These represent the primary colors, (R) Red, (G) Green and (B) Blue. This is where we get the term RGB colors from. RGB are additive Primary colors, its based on light and all the colors added become white light, how the human eye sees color. But you don’t need to know that for this.
There is a second color mode you may have heard of. CMYK. (Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and black. K is black, but we are focusing on color, so C, M and Y are all we care about.
These are known as Subtractive Primaries, they function like pigment, such as paint or ink and all the colors taken away gets you whte. (You don’t NEED to know this either for this tutorial, but who doesn’t mind a little background info?)
What you will find useful (and no one talks about this in photography circles). For the purpose of Lightroom (and Photoshop) Color channels: The subtractive primaries are the opposite of the additive.
Opposite of red is Cyan
Opposite of Green is Magenta
Opposite of Blue is Yellow.
Click on the blue dot to activate the blue curve.
Drag up and the sky turns blue
Drag down and it turns yellow. Yellow is the opposite of blue.
These color channels don’t affect the tonality, they only affect the colors. (Technically, some do shift the tones a little bit, but not much)
Ok, lets get practical and put this to use.
We want to add a little orange to the Sky.
Choose the red channel. Drag up to add a little red. Not too much.
Orange is a combination or Red and Yellow.
Go to the blue channel and drag down. Now you are mixing in some yellow to get orange. Just like mixing paints.
Choose the other mask.
Now we are going to add blue to the shadows only and Orange to the highlights only
Push up the blue channel in the shadows. The shadows are to the left of the curve.
Click in the middle of the curve (midtones) and drag the curve to the center. Now it’s only adding blue to shadows and not midtones or highlights (highligts are to the right).
This is what the curve looks like
If the effect is too much, go to the top of the adjustments and you will see an Amount slider. This reduces or intensifies all the adjustments on the mask.
And here is our final. It doesn’t matter if this adjustment is to your taste or not, the point is to learn the tools so you can make your own adjustments that suit your style on your own images.
I hope you found this tutorial useful.
I have other tuts on the new Lightroom features.
Great to see you here at the CAFE